Serving The Society

Coronavirus Nutrition Guide

When someone sneezes, about 20,000 little droplets containing viruses are projected through the air. For viruses like COVID-19 to spread, it has to be propelled in the air, and you have to come in contact with it. Certain viruses target certain tissues. The coronavirus targets the lungs.  Some viruses go dormant and wait until you’re older, weakened, nutritionally deficient, or stressed, and then they come out. This could be why many people get a virus outbreak during stress states.

 Susceptibility factors for Disease:

  • Age
  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Genetics 
  • Weak immune system 
  • Chronic disease 
  • Stress 

To be immunologically fit, you need to be physically fit. Doing exercise helps to lower the level of your stress hormones, like cortisol. Doing more exercise at home or in the dorm, is needed to boost your immune system.

The factor that you have the most control over is your nutrient intake. Getting the right nutrients can influence your immune system and even stress.

Two things happen when you have nutritional deficiencies:

  • It weakens your immune system 
  • It makes viruses stronger 

Feeding your body certain foods may help to keep your immune system strong. Micronutrients essential to fighting infection include vitamins A, C, D and E, selenium and zinc.

  • You can add walnuts, almonds, hazelnuts which contain zinc, vitamin E, selenium to your daily nutrition.
  • Lemon, orange, grapefruit, tangerine, kiwi, which are sources of vitamin C, are also nutrients that support our immune system.
  • Always choose seasonal vegetables and fruits. Remember, that the foods grown in the working rhythm and season of the body system are unique to each other.
  • Gut flora is significant for your immune system. Eating a more varied diet with lots of high-fibre foods to feed your gut flora is essential. Veggies, fruits, nuts, wholegrains, legumes support yor microbiota. Furthermore fermented foods like kefir, yoghurt,  pickles and kombucha are recommended.

Here are 7 powerful immune system boosters:

  • Citrus fruits: Vitamin C in citrus fruits helps build up your immune system. They increase the production of white blood cells which are key to fighting infections. Most common citrus fruits are; grapefruits, oranges, tangerines, lemons and limes.
  • Broccoli: is full of packed with vitamins A, C and E.
  • Garlic: Raw garlic is antibacterial and antiviral.
  • Ginger: It may help decrease inflammation and reduce a sore throat.
  • Turmeric: It has anti-inflammatory and disease preventing effects. The naturally occuring curcumin found in turmeric helps to regulate blood sugar levels.
  • Green tea: contains antioxidants called polyphenols which are efficient infection fighters.
  • Sunflower seed: They include phosphorus, magnesium, vitamin B-6 and E. They are also a good source of tryptophan which is converted to serotonin. Serotonin is considered a natural mood stabilizer. In this way, sunflower seeds may help you to regulate anxiety.

Foods are not enough for the immune system!

  • There are studies showing that people who sleep less than 6 hours are at risk of cardiovascular disease. If you can not sleep well in case of stress, try to get support from  chamomile or fennel tea. Setting your sleep pattern is very important for your heart.
  • When cortisol hormone which is a hormone that increases the desire to eat, is secreted in stress cases, people tempt to eat foods with a high fat and carbohydrate (sugar) content, which we call 'comfort food'. During this period, be careful not to consume foods with high sugar and carbohydrates.
  • Try to increase your daily intake of water as it may decrease your appetite.
  • Being quarantined in our homes may cause lots of food anxieties and emotional eating. You are not alone and it’s normal to feel this way. When a stressful situation of this magnitude arises like coronavirus, people often experience substantial changes to their eating behaviours.

Here are five tips to help you to cope emotional eating in a response to coronavirus;

  1. Ask yourself if you are really hungry and wait a while to see if the craving will pass.
  2. Write down what you eat and when. You may see a pattern and can use it to change your behaviour.
  3. Do not weigh yourself everyday. Life is challenging enough right now. Try to weigh yourself once a week.
  4. Be mindful of what triggers stress eating. Triggers can be internal or external. These could be watching too many upsetting news or thinking about how hard it is to work from home. Ask yourself questions like: When are you more likely to indulge in emotional eating? What circumstances make it hardest for you to control your unwanted eating behaviors? What kinds of food do you crave and when?
  5. Don’t skip meals. Eat small, frequent meals throughout the day. In this way, it will get easier to prevent over-eating.

HEALTHY SNACKS:

You might find yourself closer to the fridge and snacking a little more than usual. It’s important to make sure your snacks are nutrient rich to support your immune system.

Here are some ideas for quick, easy and healthy snacks:

  • Popcorn
  • Yoghurt with fresh fruits
  • Veggie sticks and humus
  • Fresh fruits
  • Cheese and whole wheat bread or whole wheat crackers
  • Raw nuts
  • Dried fruits

How about making a healthy cake?

Ingredients:

  • 3 tablespoons of date puree
  • 3 eggs
  • 1 tablespoon of tahini or coconut oil
  • 1 teaspoon of granulated coffee (1/2 teaspoon dissolved with water)
  • 100 ml of milk
  • 100 ml olive oil
  • 2  tablespoons of cocoa
  • 8 whole walnuts
  • 2 cups of whole wheat flour
  • 1 pack of baking powder
  • 1 pack of vanilla

Preparation:

  • Mix dates puree and eggs for about five minutes.
  • Continue adding the other ingredients, respectively.
  • Add walnut pieces into the mixture and bake at 200 C,  30-35 minutes in preheated oven.
  • It will be like a wet cake, thanks to date puree and coffee.

Please contact covid19@yeditepe.edu.tr for more information and support.

Preserving the Mental and Body Health During Coronavirus (Covid-19) Pandemic

Our Dear Academics, Administrative Staff and Students,

As we paused our education due to the COVID-19 pandemic by the decision of the Council of Higher Education by 16 March 2020, we have also been informed by the Council of Higher Education on 19 March 2020 that we may continue our education remotely as of 23 March 2020.

Our university has started the coordination efforts to enable this transition as efficiently and smoothly as possible. In this process, with the contributions of all our educational staff, the following rules of procedures have been adopted starting 23 March 2020:

  1. In terms of sharing lecture materials, homework and necessary interactive applications, material sharing and homework assignments will continue of “COADSYS” system, which is an adapted version of “MOODLE” education management system; and while theoretical lecture notes are shared, homework and projects will be followed in an asynchronous fashion (in times when both sides are available). Also, similar applications may be used by the lecturer. (Click for COADSYS Guide)
     
  2. In order to preserve the interactive and discursive nature of most of our classes in our university, on the dates and hours for which lectures are planned, asynchronous (within the allocated lecture period) video-conference with the participation of both the lecturer and students using a meeting tool such as “GOOGLE MEET” will be held, and the lecturer will share his or her material using his or her own screen with the students. In this regard, our lecturers are able to use their preferred applications for conferencing, which enable them to record the sessions. It would be beneficial for both parties to watch GOOGLE MEET user training videos online. Later developments will be shared promptly.
     
  3. For meeting planning using Google (G Suite) infrastructure, mail addresses with yeditepe.edu.tr extension will be used. For further details and information, it is kindly requested to keep following bim.yeditepe.edu.tr web address.
     
  4. Problems of examinations that might happen for lectures held in digital mediums and homework assignments for appropriate lectures can be made up for by homework projects or any other method determined by the lecturer later on.
     
  5. For classes that cannot be held in digital mediums such as internships, applied education, laboratory studies or projects, catching up will be organised in line with the precautions taken by the relevant academic departments when formal education continues.
     
  6. Postgraduate matriculation exams, meetings of thesis committees and thesis defences can be held in the digital environment as long as proper, monitorable and reviewable precautions are taken.
     
  7. There is a big responsibility upon all of us in order to conduct this transition with as few problems as possible for all our academics, administrative staff and students. In this regard, it would be a guiding light for all of us to share any and all kinds of recommendations and user experiences with us.
     
  8. The methods of evaluation of success for the remotely-conducted lectures and the rules of procedures thereof will be evaluated with the persons in charge of concerned department and programs and shared promptly.
     
  9. The situation regarding the Foreign Languages Preparatory Education programs will be shared by the Preparatory School Coordinatorship.
     
  10. We might encounter unexpected problems and/or technical issues, no matter how hard we try. Your feedback will be invaluable for us in this regard.

We wish you all good health, success and happiness in this process, which is new for all of us.

Rectorate

PAYLAŞ

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EVENTS

NOV 26

SİS 2020 - VI. International Healthcare Communications Symposium

Click for detailed information and registration.

SEP 30

Complex Coronary Intervention, Recorded Case Presentations

JUL 17

Think Talks - Podcast and Social Media Trends

JUL 13

Landscape Architecture for Sustainable and Healthy Cities

VIEW ALL 

Culture and Art Events

Culture and art, heals! The first industry to get affected by any political, economic, epidemic or natural disaster in the country are culture and art events. First, events start to cancel, tickets are not sold, artists fall into silence and solitude. However, art is not an uncontrolled entertainment tool. Art is an effect. It brings us together with nature and cooling us in the shadow of the truth, deepening our understanding and love. Art is like a voice, a breath that will remind us of ourselves whenever we forget to touch life. In this uncertain period, focusing on playing a musical instrument, reading a book, watching a documentary, listening to an orchestra, reading a poem, dancing, looking at the sky will balance us and will be an occasion to meet our inner house at home.

By following the Instagram account of Yeditepe Culture and Art Department, you may view their posts regarding culture and art.

Recommendation of Art and Culture Office

ONLINE

Theatre

Opera / Ballet

Music

Dance

Exhibition / Museums

Virtual Museum Tours in Turkey

CINEMA

Documentary

Short Film

Film

  • Amerikan Cinema, Movie Archives - Free
  • Open Culture, Free Movies
  • OntheBoards.tv - Performing Arts Movies Archieve
  • TRT2, every night an awarded film, original language
    4 May, Monday:
     "Paulo Coelho'nun En Güzel Öyküsü (The Pilgrim)
    5 May, Tuesday: "400 Darbe (The 400 Blows)"
    6 May, Wednesday: "Mavi Bisiklet"
    7 May, Thursday: "Aşk Şarkım (My Own Love Song)"
    8 May, Friday: "Kare (The Square)"
    9 May, Saturday: "Milyoner (Slumdog Millionaire)"
    10 May, Sunday: "Annem (Mia Madre)"
    11 May, Monday: "Dağ Kadını (Woman at War)"
    12 May, Tuesday: "Bugün Aslında Dündü (Groundhog Day)"
    13 May, Wednesday: "Borç"
    14 May, Thursday: "93 Yazı (Summer 1993)"
    15 May, Friday: "Maudie"
    16 May, Saturday: "Kral Lear (King Lear)"
    17 May, Sunday: "Kraliçe Lear"
    18 May, Monday: "Uyanışlar (Awakenings)"
    19 May, Tuesday: "Arakçılar (Shoplifters)"
    20 May, Wednesday: "Kesişen Hayatlar (Heal The Living)"
    21 May, Thursday: "Sarı Sıcak"
    22 May, Friday: "Turuncu Günler (Orange Days)"
    23 May, Saturday: "Satıcı (The Salesman)"
    24 May, Sunday: "Dilsiz"
    25 May, Monday: "Aga"
    26 May, Tuesday: "Düğün Davetiyesi (The Wedding Invitation)"
    27 May, Wednesday: "Aydede"
    28 May, Thursday: "Rus Hazine Sandığı (Russian Ark)"
    29 May, Friday: "Osmanlı Subayı (The Ottoman Lieutenant)"
    30 May, Saturday: "Boş Ev (3-Iron)"
    31 May, Sunday: "Beyaz Bant (The White Ribbon)"

Programme

What to Watch at Home? - Picks from Yeditepe Culture & Art

Documentary

  • Searching for Sugar Man
    Director: Malik Bendjelloul
  • The Biggest Little Farm
    Director: John Chester
  • Jane
    Director: Brett Morgen

Animation

  • Inside Out
    Director: Pete Docter
  • Mary&Max
    Director: Adam Elliot

Turkish Movie

  • Bizim için Şampiyon / Champion
    Director: Ahmet Katıksız
  • Kelebekler /Butterflies
    Director: Tolga Karaçelik
  • Kelebeğin Rüyası / The Dream of a Butterfly
    Director: Yılmaz Erdoğan
  • Ahlat Ağacı / The Wild Pear Tree
    Director: Nuri Bilge Ceylan

Fiction / Cinema

  • The Sound of the Silence
    Director: Michael Tyburski
  • The Square
    Director: Ruben Östlund
  • Force Majeure
    Director: Ruben Östlund
  • JoJo Rabbit
    Director: Taika Waititi
  • Amelie
    Director: Jean-Pierre Jeunet
  • Youth
    Director: Paolo Sorrentino
  • Frances Ha
    Director: Noah Baumbach

Nostalgia

  • Guess Who is Coming to Dinner
    Director: Stanley Kramer

Musical Drama

  • Bohemian Rhapsody
    Director: Bryan Singer

What to do in the City?

Open Air Cinema

Emergency Corona Locations

You may find all the relevant completed works and links via the addresses below under the “Emergency Corona Locations” category.

websitee-mail | Twitter | Instagram | Facebook | Padlet | Youtube

Covid-19 Guide

SHOULD YOU SANITIZE YOUR FOOD AND UTENSILS AGAINST COVID-19?

COVID-19 is a respiratory disease that spreads through direct contact with an infected person and droplets but touching your mouth, nose and eyes after touching an infected surface can also cause infection.1 According to recent data it is unlikely to get infected by touching the food prepared at home, eating at the restaurants or contacting with ordered products.2,3 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports no COVID-19 cases thought to be related to foods, food packages or shopping bags. However there are some prevention methods to minimize the infection risk and to prevent foodborne illnesses.4

Best precaution to eliminate infection risk is to practice proper hand hygiene. Hands must be washed with soap and water for at least 20 seconds with proper technique before and after shopping, after receiving food delivery, before preparing meal and before eating meal. After shopping, all food packages must be removed and disposed in a garbage can with a lid.2,3,4 Canned food containers must be cleaned before opening the lid.3,5

According to American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC) National Poison Data System (NPDS) there is a significant increase in poisoning cases related to disinfectants and cleaning agents during COVID-19 pandemic. According to a survey conducted with 502 adult USA citizens by CDC in May 2020, 39% of the respondents reported engaging in at least one of the high-risk practices that is not recommended by CDC with the intent of preventing SARS-CoV-2 transmission. 19% of the respondents reported using bleach for disinfection of fresh produces.6

Fresh produces must not be cleaned and disinfected with chemicals such as bleach or soap.5 Due to the porous structure of many produces, these chemicals can be absorbed which will cause a change in taste and safety of the produce.7 For this reason cleaning the fresh produce under running cold water is the most favorable way. Same application can be used for the produces with inedible rind. Produces with firm rind can be brushed with an appropriate brush.3,5 Food packages must not be cleaned and disinfected with chemicals such as bleach.3,8,9 If desired, packages can be wiped down and air dryed as an extra precaution.5

It is enough for utensils, pots and pans used in preparation and consumption of foods to be cleaned and sanitized in the dishwasher with a hot rinse cycle. In the absence of dishwasher, water and dish soap should be used for cleaning and sanitizing.8 Kitchen counters must be cleaned and disinfected frequently with appropriate cleaning products and disinfected surfaces must be rinsed before preparing food.5

Referanslar

1 WHO, COVID-19 and Food Safety: Guidance For Food Businesses, 11.09.2020 tarihinde https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/331705/WHO-2019-nCoV-Food_Safety-2020.1-eng.pdf adresinden erişilmiştir.

2 CDC, Running Errands, 11.09.2020 tarihinde https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/daily-life-coping/essential-goods-services.html adresinden erişilmiştir.

3 UNICEF, Handling And Preparing Food, 11.09.2020 tarihinde https://www.unicef.org/coronavirus/cleaning-and-hygiene-tips-help-keep-coronavirus-covid-19-out-your-home#food adresinden erişilmiştir.

4 CDC, Food Safety, 11.09.2020 tarihinde https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/daily-life-coping/food-and-COVID-19.html adresinden erişilmiştir.

5 FDA, Shopping for Food During the COVID-19 Pandemic - Information for Consumers, 11.09.2020 tarihinde https://www.fda.gov/food/food-safety-during-emergencies/shopping-food-during-covid-19-pandemic-information-consumers adresinden erişilmiştir.

6 CDC,  Knowledge and Practices Regarding Safe Household Cleaning and Disinfection for COVID-19 Prevention, 16.09.2020 tarihinde https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/volumes/69/wr/mm6923e2.htm?s_cid=mm6923e2_w#F2_down adresinden erişilmiştir.

7 United States Department of Agriculture, Guide to Washing Fresh Produce, 16.09.2020 tarihinde  https://nifa.usda.gov/sites/default/files/resource/Guide%20to%20Washing%20Fresh%20Produce508.pdf adresinden erişilmiştir.

8 BC Center For Disease Control, Cleaning and Disinfecting, 11.09.2020 tarihinde http://www.bccdc.ca/health-info/diseases-conditions/covid-19/prevention-risks/cleaning-and-disinfecting adresinden erişilmiştir.

9 UC Davis Health, How To Safely Grocery Shop During Coronavirus (COVID-19), 11.09.2020 tarihinde, https://health.ucdavis.edu/good-food/blog/grocery-shopping-during-covid19.html adresinden erişilmiştir.

 

(You can reach all of the articles published by Yeditepe University Pharmaceutical and Poison Advisory Unit by clicking the PEPIRC / YIZDA section under the "Research" title found on the navigation bar.)

HOUSEHOLD CLEANERS SAFETY INFORMATION

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has stated the importance of cleaning and disinfecting visibly dirty surfaces in household and community areas to protect against respiratory diseases caused by COVID-19 and other viral infections1. Especially frequently contacted surfaces such as door handles, tables, chairs, handrails, bathroom and kitchen surfaces, toilets, light switches, telephones, computers, keyboards, remote controls and toys should be regularly cleaned and disinfected.2However, dangers that may arise from mixing different cleaning products can be ignored with the concern of virus protection3.

Bleaches are disinfectant, stain remover and mold remover cleaning products that contain sodium hypochlorite, calcium hypochlorite, hydrogen peroxide, or sodium carbonate peroxide4. Mixing bleach with acidic cleaning products such as vinegar, dishwasher detergent, tub and tile cleaning products, toilet bowl cleaners, drain openers and rust removers would result in chlorine gas release3,4,5. Exposure to chlorine gas causes blurry vision, burning pain, redness and swelling on the skin, burning sensation on the nose, throat and eyes, coughing, chest tightness, difficulty in breathing, nausea, vomiting, watery eyes, wheezing, and fluid buildup in lungs in later periods6. Mixing bleach with ammonia containing cleaning products such as glass and window cleaners, interior and exterior paints causes chloramine gas release. Urine also contains ammonia; therefore cleaning litter boxes and toilet bowls with bleach must be done carefully. Exposure to this released gas causes nausea, cough, chest tightness, watery eyes, chest pain, irritation on throat, nose and eyes, wheezing, lung inflammations, and fluid buildup in lungs5. Mixing bleach with alcohol-containing products (ethanol or isopropyl alcohol) causes chloroform release3. Inhalation of chloroform causes chest tightness, irritation on nose and throat, excitation, nausea and vomiting, ataxia, dizziness, and drowsiness. Exposure to high concentrations of chloroform causes convulsion, coma and death due to respiratory arrest and irregular heartbeat. Liver dysfunction and kidney damage can be seen after a few days subsequently to healing after exposure7. Mixing hydrogen peroxide-containing products with acidic products causes the release of corrosive gases. Mixing hydrogen peroxide with vinegar releases peroxyacetic acid gas and inhalation of it causes irritation on the nose, throat and lungs and chest tightness. Exposure to high doses causes a liquid buildup in the lungs and serious chest tightness that requires immediate medical care8.

References

  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2020. Cleaning and disinfection for Households. 28.08.2020 tarihinde https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prevent-getting-sick/cleaning-disinfection.html adresinden erişilmiştir.
  2. UNICEF. Cleaning And Hygiene Tips To Help Keep The COVID-19 Virus Out Of Your Home. 28.08.2020 tarihinde https://www.unicef.org/coronavirus/cleaning-and-hygiene-tips-help-keep-coronavirus-covid-19-out-your-home adresinden erişilmiştir.
  3. U.S. Fire Administration. 2020. The Dangers of Mixing Household Cleaners. 19.08.2020 tarihinde https://www.usfa.fema.gov/operations/infograms/031920.html adresinden erişilmiştir.
  4. National Capital Poison Center. Spring Cleaning. 28.08.2020 tarihinde https://www.poison.org/articles/2015-mar/spring-cleaning adresinden erişilmiştir.
  5. Washington State Department of Health. Dangers of Mixing Bleach with Cleaners. 19.08.2020 tarihinde https://www.doh.wa.gov/YouandYourFamily/HealthyHome/Contaminants/BleachMixingDangers adresinden erişilmiştir.
  6. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2018. Facts About Chlorine. 19.08.2020 tarihinde https://emergency.cdc.gov/agent/chlorine/basics/facts.asp adresinden erişilmiştir.
  7. Health Protection Agency. 2007. Chloroform Toxicological Overview. 19.08.2020 tarihinde https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/338535/Chloroform_Toxicological_Overview.pdf adresinden erişilmiştir.
  8. New Jersey Department of Health and Senior Services. 2014. Peroxyacetic Acid Hazardous Substance Fact Sheet. 19.08.2020 tarihinde https://nj.gov/health/eoh/rtkweb/documents/fs/1482.pdf adresinden erişilmiştir.

 

(You can reach all of the articles published by Yeditepe University Pharmaceutical and Poison Advisory Unit by clicking the PEPIRC / YIZDA section under the "Research" title found on the navigation bar.)

HAND SANITIZERS SAFETY INFORMATION

One of the most effective method for decreasing the spreading rate of COVID-19 is to regularly wash hands with soap and water for 20 seconds. In conditions where there is no access to soap and water, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends using alcohol based hand sanitizers that contain at least 60% alcohol (ethanol or isopropyl alcohol)1. Using hand sanitizers is a cheap and effective method against microorganisms on our skin but ingestion or inappropriate usage can be linked with various health risks2.

Ingestion of alcohol based hand sanitizers can lead to alcohol poisoning. Especially products with fragrance, colorful and attractive packaging is more likely to be swallowed by children3. A research conducted in United States of America between 2011-2014 has shown 70,669 cases of poisoning in children due to alcohol based and non-alcohol based hand sanitizers and 91% of these cases are reported to be seen in 0-5 age group2. American Association of Poison Control Centers (AAPCC) has reported that from January 1, 2020 through July 12, 2020 there is an increase of 51% in the number of cases related to hand sanitizer poisoning compared to the same period in 2019. Children in the 0-5 age group had the highest incidence of poisoning compared to other age groups by a wide margin4. To prevent poisoning in children due to hand sanitizers, these products must be kept away from children’s reach and should be used with the supervision of an adult3.

Ethanol and isopropyl alcohol used in hand sanitizers can cause irritation on skin and eyes when in contact with the skin and prolonged usage can lead to dryness, redness, itching and cracking of the skin. Ingestion of ethanol containing hand sanitizers can cause nausea, vomiting, stomachache and central nervous system depression in various stages. Ingestion of 360 ml of ethanol based hand sanitizer can be life threatening for adults. Ingestion of hand sanitizers prepared with isopropyl alcohol can lead to central nervous system depression, decrease in respiratory drive, hypotension, irritation on gastrointestinal system, gastritis, hypoglycaemia and respiratory depression. Ingestion of 100-200 ml of 70% isopropyl alcohol solution can cause death5.

Another important point about hand sanitizers is the potential hazards due to production of hand sanitizers at home. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has stated that hand sanitizers must not be produced and used at home for any reason as these products can be ineffective or even harmful if prepared improperly by emphasizing cases of skin burns caused by improperly produced hand sanitizers at home during COVID-19 pandemic. In addition to that disinfectant sprays and wipes used for surface cleaning must not be used for personal cleaning as these products can cause severe irritation on skin and eyes1.

REFERENCES

  1. Food and Drug Administration, https://www.fda.gov/consumers/consumer-updates/safely-using-hand-sanitizer, access date:14.07.2020
  2. Santos, C., Kieszak, S., Wang, A., Law, R., Schier, J., Wolkin, A. 2017. Reported adverse health effects in children from ingestion of alcohol-based hand sanitizers—United States, 2011–2014. MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report66(8), 223.
  3. Centers For Disease Control and Prevention, https://www.cdc.gov/handwashing/show-me-the-science-hand-sanitizer.html, access date:14.07.2020
  4. American Association of Poison Control Centers, https://piper.filecamp.com/uniq/9xx1bIxRd7tbq0wc.pdf , access date:20.07.2020
  5. Mahmood, A., Eqan, M., Pervez, S., Tabinda, A. B., Yasar, A., Brindhadevi, K., Pugazhendhi, A. 2020. COVID-19 and frequent use of hand sanitizers; human health and environmental hazards by exposure pathways. Science of The Total Environment, 140561.

 

(You can reach all of the articles published by Yeditepe University Pharmaceutical and Poison Advisory Unit by clicking the PEPIRC / YIZDA section under the "Research" title found on the navigation bar.)